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Person-Centred Counselling or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Updated: Aug 15, 2023

Someone in CBT or PCT therapy

Person-Centred Therapy (PCT) and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) are two prominent approaches to psychotherapy, each built upon distinct philosophical foundations. PCT, developed by Rogers (1980), is rooted in humanism, phenomenology, and existentialism, emphasizing human values and self-determination. On the other hand, CBT, founded by Beck (1964), shares some philosophical beliefs with PCT but takes a more direct and technique-based approach.

Differences and similarities in therapy

Similarities & Differences

PCT focuses on self-actualization, the process of becoming one's true self, while CBT relies on techniques to challenge irrational thoughts and behaviours. Both approaches recognize the importance of self-worth and unconditional self-acceptance, but they differ in how they achieve self-actualization and the therapeutic conditions they offer.

Efficacy and Diversity

diversity in therapy

Research has shown that both PCT and CBT can be effective in treating various mental health issues. However, there is a need for further empirical research to match the extensive evidence available for CBT. Additionally, when it comes to diversity and cultural sensitivity, both approaches need to be adapted to suit the needs of individuals from diverse backgrounds.

CBT, in particular, may benefit from incorporating cultural identity and responsiveness into its protocols. It is essential for therapists of both approaches to be aware of the power dynamics, discrimination, and oppression that clients may face and provide a supportive therapeutic alliance.


You may be asking Person-Centred Counselling or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, well, both PCT and CBT have their strengths and limitations. Further research, especially in the context of multicultural populations, is crucial to better understand their effectiveness and adaptability. Regardless of the approach, therapists must adhere to ethical considerations and focus on nurturing a strong therapeutic alliance for positive outcomes.

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